Combat HIV/Aids, Malaria and other diseases

Where do we stand?

A lab technician holding a test tubeThe Ngaliema Clinic in Kinshasa conducts HIV / AIDS testing. Credit: Gwenn Dubourthoumieu , UNDP, 2011

The goal has not yet been reached but substantial progress is being made.

The prevalence of HIV/AIDS has been strongly reduced countrywide from 5% in 1990 to 1.2% in 2012. The spread has almost stopped across all categories of the population, and the trend has reversed since 2010.

However, the proportion of people infected with HIV/ Aids and under antiretroviral treatment remains very low. It was at 12.3% in 2011, far from the 2013 target of 60%. On the other hand, condom distribution was very strong between 2010 and 2012, corresponding to 82% of the total amount of condoms distributed over 9 years.  Nearly all women declared having heard of AIDS in 2013-2014 (94%) against only 10% in 2001. Malaria prevalence remains significant in 2011 (60%). Nevertheless, the number of children sleeping under insecticide-treated nets (ITN) increased to 55.9% in 2013-2014 from 10.9% in 2007. If current operations continue to accelerate, the 100% target can be met in 2015. The prevalence of tuberculosis has been declining since 1990.  The same goes for the mortality rate caused by this disease, which was below 100 per 100 000 in 2011 compared to 150 per 100 000 in 1990.

Rate of HIV/ AIDS prevalence and knowledge of transmission methods for women aged 15-49 (%)

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