Eight goals for 2015
About the MDGs
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were adopted by world leaders at the Millennium Summit, held from September 6 to 8, 2000, at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. With the MDGs, the international community agreed on concrete, numerical and time-bound benchmarks to fight extreme poverty in all its dimensions. The MDGs provide an international framework that allows national governments and international development institutions to work together to achieve common goals. The MDGs have galvanized unprecedented efforts to meet the needs of the poorest communities/societies?.
There are eight (8) MDGs with 21 targets and 60 indicators. They cover all aspects of poverty, income, employment and food security, education, gender equality, health, environment, trade, and development assistance. The deadline for achieving the MDGs has been set for 2015 (with the exception of the target related to the reduction of the number of people living in slums; fixed for 2020).
The UN Secretary General reports to the UN General Assembly annually on the progress made towards the MDGs. At the national level, progress-monitoring reports are produced regularly.
The DRC subsequently produced two reports; in 2005 and 2010 respectively. The third report, presented on November 18, 2014, provides information on the progress made in 2012 and indicates that while significant progress has been made regarding the net primary school enrolment rate, the gender parity index enrolment, the percentage of oneyear-old children immunized against measles, the number of births attended by skilled health personnel and the percentage of children under 5 years who sleep under insecticide-treated nets, much remains to be done in order to achieve the majority of indicators, which has been determined as impossible to realize by 2015.
The MDGs Acceleration Framework
The MDGs Acceleration Framework (MAF) is an action plan coordinated between the Government and its partners to implement measures to increase progress towards the MDGs. It provides a systematic analysis of bottlenecks that slow or block the continuation of the measures needed to achieve the MDGs concerned. Further to that, it compiles solutions to address these bottlenecks and proposes coordinated action plans to address these obstacles and accelerate the progress.
So far there have been three (3) MDGs Acceleration Framework (MAF) plans developed and adopted in the DRC. The first, MDGs Acceleration Framework plan on MDGs 4 and 5 (in 2013), with the support of UNICEF, the other two with the support of UNDP and related to MDG 1, Target 3: Reduce the percentage of people who suffer from hunger by half, and MDG 2: Achieve universal primary education.
Consultations: After 2015
The Democratic Republic of Congo was among the fifty countries that were selected by the United Nations Secretary General to undertake national consultations that would allow their respective populations to provide their vision for future development of the world after 2015. DRC held its national consultation from mid-December 2012 to mid-May 2013 in the 11 administrative provinces of the country.
These consultations reached between 50 and 80 people per province, living both in city centres and in villages, and belonging to different social strata and to heterogeneous socio-professional groups.
This participatory survey allowed the Congolese population to shape a prospective vision of development. For their part, the Congolese authorities wanted to seize the opportunity given by the national consultations so that the Congolese “experience” is taken into account in the new development-oriented vision that will emerge from discussions at the international level in the post-2015 development Agenda.
The analytical report on these consultations was approved on September 18, 2013, during a workshop attended by more than a hundred participants, including members of the Government, Ambassadors, Technical and Financial Partners (TFP), provincial officials, and civil society.
What are the conditions for development in the DRC?
One of the bases of the consultations was to evaluate the framework of the potential benefits and limitations of the MDGs. Regarding the views of the Congolese population on the future global partnership for development after 2015, the consultations suggest a range of conditions for the success of the future framework of this partnership, namely:
· The flexibility of the MDGs deadline depending on the level of development of each country;
· Increased mobilization of available resources;
· Official development assistance without policy conditionality;
· Coherence between different development frameworks - Government Action Program, Révolution de la modernité, DSCRP (Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy Document) , New Deal - of the least developed countries;
· Further involvement of emerging and least developed countries in global governance;
· The appointment of a High Commissioner to the MDGs;
· The development of an inclusive global leadership.