Poverty and household living conditions in the North-Kivu Province

Pubblished on 01 Mar 2009 19 pages
Pauvreté et condition de vie des ménages

Summary

The living conditions of households in North-Kivu are poor, with seven out of ten homes in poverty and an unemployment rate that is higher than the national average. The majority of the population works in the informal sector, mainly agriculture, but the revenue it generate is insignificant. The war striking the province, with death, insecurity, population displacement and destruction of economic and basic infrastructures, has worsened the pauperization of the population. Despite all of these challenges, the positive role held by the Micro Finance Institutions needs to be noted, as they are very active in the province. The near totality of households do not have access to electricity and almost a third of households drink un-safe water. More than half of the toilets in the province are unhygienic and roadwork services are non-existent.


This critical situation leads to malnutrition and high infant mortality rates in the province. With barriers to health services and education,that are financial rather than geographic, the number of inhabitants per doctor is two times higher than the international WHO norm. Finally, gender equality, a necessary component in the fight against poverty, is far from being reached in the work market and educational sectorKey numbers of the province

Key numbers of the province

  • Population in 2005: 4.5 million
  • Density: 75 inhabitants/km²
  • Poverty rate: 72.9%
  • Average household size: 5.5
  • Net primary schooling rate: 53.2%
  • Child mortality rate: 57 per thousand
  • AIDS prevalence (14-59 of age): 4.4%

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