National Report: Application of the Action Programme in favour of Least Developed Countries for the 2011-2020 decade
The grouping of developing countries commonly identified as 'Least Developed Countries' (LDC), that present with the lowest ‘Human Development Indices’ (HDI), was created in 1971 by the United Nations (UN). While possessing very limited production capabilities, which restrains their ability to diversify their economies, some LDCs were able to create considerable development progress during this past decade.
To deal with these severe imbalances, the UN Member States identified and adopted better appraisal strategies.
Thus, the 3rd UN Conference on LDC, held 14th to 20th May 2001 in Brussels, adopted a decade-long Action Programme for 2001-2010. This Programme encouraged each LDC at the national level, with the help of bi and multilateral partners, to instigate the concrete actions as detailed in the Programme.
These efforts were continued during the 4th UN Conference on LDC, held 9th to 13th May 2011 in Istanbul, during which an evaluation of the application of the Brussels Action Programme (BAP) was one of the main objectives, and and a new Programme in favour of LDCs was adopted.
This 4th Meeting was for the purpose of allowing each of these nations to overcome the structural challenges it faced, and to realise the development objectives as defined by the BAP, but it was also an opportunity for members of the LDC to join that of emerging countries, following in the footsteps of Botswana, Cap Verde and the Maldives.
I welcome the synergy that was created between my Ministry and other technical Ministries concerned with the elaboration of the present Report, and consequently thank the UNDP who did not hesitate to make two national consultants available for the process.
The National Report which we are making public this day was discussed, amended, improved and adopted by Government experts during a plenary session of the technical approval workshop, held the 15th and 16th of November 2012 at Kinshasa, Gombe.
To the understanding of the Government of the Republic, it is a work of the Congolese for the Congolese and will serve as a reference Document for our Government, in order to finally generate the interest of different development actors. Furthermore, it could be used as a platform for the reinforcement of the synergy of the sectorial and multisectorial interventions to the benefit of development and poverty reduction in our country.